National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine
State Institution "The National Research Center for Radiation Medicine"

ISSN 2313-4607 (Online)
ISSN 2304-8336 (Print)

Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology



Medical radiography examinations and carcinogenic effects

E. A. Domina
R. E. Kavetsky Institute of Experimental pathology, oncology and Radiobiology of NAS of Ukraine, 45 Vasylkivska str., Kyiv, 03022, Ukraine

The purpose of the review was the synthesis of the literature data and the results of our radiobiological (biodosimetric) research on the development of radiation-associated tumors as a result of medical radiography (X-ray) diagnostic. Medical X-ray examinations contribute the most to the excess of radiation exposure of the population, much of which is subject to examination to diagnose the underlying disease, the dynamic observation of the patient during treatment, the research of related deseases, and preventative examinations. The review provides arguments for the necessity of developing a more balanced indication for preventative radiological examination of the population in the aftermath of radio-ecological crisis caused by the Chornobyl accident, taking into account the likelihood of radiation carcinogenesis. The problems and tasks of biological (cytogenetic) dosimetry in radiology are formulated.

Key words: medical radiographical examinations, radiation doses, breast cancer, cytogenetic indicators, lymphocytes.

Problems of radiation medicine and radiobiology. 2014;19:35-47.

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