National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine
State Institution "The National Research Center for Radiation Medicine"

ISSN 2313-4607 (Online)
ISSN 2304-8336 (Print)

Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology



I. Z. Russu, D. I. Bilko, N. M. Bilko

National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, 2 Grygoriya Skovorody St., Kyiv, 04070, Ukraine


Objective: determination of the content of hematopoietic progenitor cells circulating in peripheral blood of Balb/C mice, under ionizing radiation action in sublethal dose, at different periods after the irradiation, using cell culture in diffusion chambers in vivo.
Methods. Peripheral blood smears of Balb/C mice were prepared and studied, its cellular composition was determined, as well as by cultivation of peripheral blood cells in diffusion chambers in vivo their colony-forming efficiency was determined on the 0th, 5th, and 30th day after external irradiation in sublethal dose 5.85 Gy.
Results. The content of myelocytes and metamyelocytes among blood nucleated cells of the irradiated animals was increased, compared to control, during the whole investigated period. In particular, on the 30th day after irradiation the content of myelocytes in peripheral blood was 3.3 0.7 % compared to (0.8 0.4) % in control, and the content of metamyelocytes (3.4 0.7) % compared to (0.9 0.3) % in control. A significant increase in the amount of circulating progenitor cells in the peripheral blood was observed in the early stages after irradiation (12.5 1.6 colony-forming units per 100,000 explanted cells, compared to 5.1 0.8 in control). However, on the 5th day their content was slightly reduced compared to control (1.3 0.9), and only to the 30th day a normalization of the amount of progenitor cells occurred in the peripheral blood (6.8 0.7 colony-forming units per 100,000 explanted cells).
Conclusions. The analysis of the obtained results revealed an increased level of immature forms of cells in the peripheral blood of irradiated animals, compared to control, in the early stages after irradiation, including hematopoietic progenitor cells, which are able to colony forming in cell culture. Therefore, the action of ionizing radiation in sublethal dose had a critical effect on the proliferation of hematopoietic cells in bone marrow and provoked their increased migration into the bloodstream. Determination of the content of hematopoietic cells immature forms in peripheral blood allowed assessing the degree of hematopoietic damage due to the action of ionizing radiation.
Key words: hematopoiesis, circulating progenitor cells, ionizing radiation, sublethal dose, cell culture in vivo.

Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology.
2023;28:216-224. doi: 10.33145/2304-8336-2023-28-216-224

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