National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine
State Institution "The National Research Center for Radiation Medicine"

ISSN 2313-4607 (Online)
ISSN 2304-8336 (Print)

Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology



S. F. Liubarets

Bogomolets National Medical University of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, 13 Tarasa Shevchenko Blvd., Kyiv, 01601, Ukraine


Objective: assessment of dental caries intensity in children with disturbances in tooth formation living in radiologically contaminated territories as a result of the Chornobyl NPP accident.
Materials and methods. Children aged 6-14 years old (n = 1470) suffering from disturbances in tooth formation (DTF) with the residents of radiologically contaminated territories (n = 528) among them were enrolled in the study. The DTF subtypes were assayed, namely the systemic enamel hypoplasia (SEH) and molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH). Personal radiation history was recorded. Intensity of caries and caries of surfaces in the mixed (i.e. transitional) occlusion (df+DMF, dfs+DMFS coefficients) and permanent occlusion (DMF, DMFS coefficients) was identified.
Results. Caries intensity in the exposed children suffering DTF with mixed and permanent dental occlusion was significantly higher vs. either in children exposed to ionizing radiation with no DTF or in the control group ( < 0.001, < 0.001 and < 0.05, < 0.001 correspondingly). The highest caries intensity of the permanent teeth was revealed in the residents of contaminated territories suffering SEH (6.95 2.3) vs. cases of MIH (5.68 1.97) as a result of nonsymmetrical teeth involvement.
Conclusions. The highest values of df+DMF, dfs+DMFS coefficients were diagnosed in children with a mixed dental occlusion aged 6-14 years old living on territories contaminated as a result of the ChNPP accident as compared to the not exposed subjects and control group (7.2 2.07 and 8.98 2.4, < 0.001). A very high intensity of caries and surface caries of permanent teeth (DMF = 6.79 2.34, DMFS = 8.69 2.75, < 0.001) was established in children exposed to ionizing radiation and suffering DTF. Such a high intensity may be due to the impact of a set of negative factors including the ionizing radiation in low doses and peculiarities of economic component of social status of study subjects, namely the unbalanced diet. In case of permanent occlusion the intensity of caries and caries of tooth of in children survived after the ChNPP accident and suffering SEH was significantly ( < 0.05) higher compared to the persons suffering MIH.
Key words: children, caries, disturbances in tooth formation, systemic enamel hypoplasia, molar-incisor hypomineralization, ionizing radiation, ChNPP accident.

Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology.
2021;26:426-436. doi: 10.33145/2304-8336-2021-26-426-436

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