National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine
State Institution "The National Research Center for Radiation Medicine"

ISSN 2313-4607 (Online)
ISSN 2304-8336 (Print)

Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology



O. V. Gasanova1, E. O. Sarkisova1, A. A. Chumak1, L. M. Ovsyannikova2, O. V. Nosach2,
L. M. Alohina1, V. A. Gasanov3, V. V. Kryzhanivska1

1State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy Medical
Sciences of Ukraine», Melnykov str, 53, Kyiv, 04050, Ukraine
2Natsional Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Melnykova str., 53, Kyiv, 04050, Ukraine
3Technical University of Ukraine «Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute», Peremogy avenue, 37,
Kyiv, 03056, Ukraine

Comparative characteristics of hepatoprotectors used for the treatment
of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis associated with herpesvirus infection
in sufferers of the Chornobyl accident

Objective of the study was to determine the effectiveness of various groups of hepatoprotectors in the treatment of patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) sufferers of the accident at the Chornobyl NPP following the assessment of metabolic changes and control of persistent infections.
Materials and methods. The study included 104 males with NASH, who were sufferers of the Chornobyl disaster and underwent examination and treatment in the conditions of the clinics of the National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine. Analysis of the course of the functional state of the liver before and after treatment with hepatoprotectors was carried out using laboratory methods of investigation.
Results. Hepatoprotectors of different groups used for the treatment of patients affected by the Chornobyl accident with NASH, differed in their effect on various chains in the pathogenesis of disease. Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) drugs and preparations of holy thistle normalized the functional state of the liver and disorders of fat metabolism. Treatment with essential phospholipids eliminated cytolytic syndrome with a significant decrease in alanine aminotransferase (p < 0.05), but increased alkaline phosphatase (p < 0.001), beta-lipoproteins (p < 0.05), triglycerides (p < 0.05), the total cholesterol level remained elevated to (7.0 ± 0.8) mmol/L. Amino acid (AA) preparations normalized the level of aminotransferases, eliminated the symptoms of cholestasis with a significant decrease in bilirubin (p < 0.001) and alkaline phosphatase (p < 0.001), positively influenced on fat and carbohydrate metabolism decreasing levels of beta-lipoproteins (p < 0.05), triglycerides and glucose. Treatment with hepatoprotectors positively influenced on the state of antioxidant protection (AOP) – decreased before treatment in 56.5 % of patients, after treatment it reduced to 28.6 % (p < 0.05), the number of patients with elevated lipid peroxidation indices decreased from 39.1 % to 21.4 %. Titres of antibodies to persistent herpes virus infections, elevated before treatment, under the influence of hepatoprotectors did not decrease to reference values.
Conclusion. The most effective were drugs on the basis of AA, when applied they normalized the functional state of the, fat and carbohydrate metabolism, decreased lipoperoxidation and improved AOP state. Effect of drugs AA and UDCA on the level of antibodies to herpesvirus infection requires further study.
Key words: nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, hepatoprotectors, metabolic changes, persistent infection, treatment, consequences of the Chornobyl accident.

Problems of radiation medicine and radiobiology. 2017;22:339–352.

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