National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine
State Institution "The National Research Center for Radiation Medicine"


ISSN 2313-4607 (Online)
ISSN 2304-8336 (Print)

Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology

  
 

   

Prilipko V. A., Shevchenko K. K.

Radiation protection monitoring zone population NPP according to experts in case of emergency

Objective. The purpose of this study was to peer review the implementation of protective measures to limit public exposure surveillance zone NPP in case of emergency considering laws and regulations.
Methods. Survey method using expert assessments were used. Experts were formed in four groups who are responsible for radiation protection of various groups surveillance zone of RNPP. Requirements to selections experts were professional experience not less than 10 years, the profile and post. For primary empirical data was used simple ordering of values of an even or consistent comparison.
Results. According to experts, measures warning, provision of stable iodine preparations, provision of collective (protective constructions, hiding place) and personal protective equipment (clothing, gauze bandages, respirators, mask), material and technical equipment at the Rivne NPP could be significantly different in rural and urban surveillance zone in the case of emergency. Group risk in case of an emergency, can become students of rural schools surveillance zone due to imperfect warning system and lack of shelter facilities. There is no consensus among experts on radiation protection assessments of various groups surveillance zone, including provision of means of individual and collective protection, preparedness protective actions in case of emergency.
Conclusions. State radiation protection surveillance zone Rivne NPP, including a system of organizational, technical, biomedical, financial and economic measures to prevent and respond to the National Assembly, does not meet the laws of Ukraine On Nuclear Energy Use and Radiation Safety and On protection of population and territories from emergency situations of technogenic and natural character , requiring State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate (SNRI) of Ukraine on this question.

Key words: expert estimation, surveillance zone, emergency, radiation protection.

Problems of radiation medicine and radiobiology. 2015;20:215-228.



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