National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine
State Institution "The National Research Center for Radiation Medicine"


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ISSN 2304-8336 (Print)

Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology

  
 

   

Individualized internal exposure doses reconstruction for the persons of Ukraine State Register:
Report 2. Locally-specific models and doses of persons living in Kozelets and Ripky raions of Chernihiv oblast

I. A. Likhtarov1, L. N. Kovgan1, S. V. Masiuk1, . N. Ivanova1, M. I. Chepurny1, Z. N. Boyko1,
V. B. Gerasymenko1, S. A. Tereshchenko2, I. G. Kravchenko2, G. I. Kortushin2, O. D. Marcenjyk2
1State Institution National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of MedicalSciences of Ukraine, Melnykov str., 53, Kyiv, 04050, Ukraine
2State Institution Ukrainian Centre of Information Technologies and National Register of Ministry ofHealth of Ukraine, Kramskogo str., 21a, Kyiv, 03115, Ukraine

Study objective. Development a system of models and procedures for the individualized internal exposure doses reconstruction for the subjects of Ukrainian State Register of persons, affected due to the Chornobyl accident (SRU) and residing in radioactive contaminated territories of Kozelets and Ripky raions of Chernihiv oblast.
Materials and methods. A description the schematic diagram and mathematical equations of ecological-dosimetric models are given that allow to reconstruct the individualized exposure doses from consumption of food contaminated with radiocesium of Chornobyl origin for inhabitants of two raions of Chernihiv oblast. Parameterization of the reconstruction models is based on the mathematical analysis of results for radioecological (radiocesium milk contamination) and dosimetric (radiocesium human body burden) monitorings, that were calculated in the period of 19862012 in the settlements of raions under consideration. Due to quite low level of radioactive cesium depositions on the ground in 1986, the territory of these raions was divided into two territorial zones: TZ-1, an area where the 137Cs ground depositions density in 1986 exceeds 37 kBq/m2, and TZ-2, an area where this rate does not exceeds 37 kBq/m2. For each territorial zone in each raion, the initial time moment (year) was introduced in the reconstruction model. Since this year the concept of the so-called reference dose has been using. Its value was assigned to all persons, regardless of the results and availability of monitoring. The results of radioecological and dosimetric monitorings were used for setting in raion specific functions: the annual average concentration of 137Cs in milk per unit of 137Cs ground depositions () for Kozelets raion, function of the temporary dynamic of 137Cs concentration in milk () for Ripky raion, absolute raion milk equivalent of the diet (ARMEr), and relative age dependent intake of radiocesium with the diet ().
Results and conclusions. Models for individualized internal exposure doses reconstruction were applied to 27811 SRU subjects from Kozelets raion and 14553 SRU subjects from Ripky raion. Results of doses individualization are given as annual average values of internal and summarized (internal and external) exposure doses for the period of 19872012, as well as the distribution of SRU subjects of different raions according to the intervals of accumulated doses over the entire period of observation.
Key words: Medical Dosimetric Register, ecological and dosimetric models, individualized exposure dose, dose reconstruction, the Chornobyl accident.

Problems of radiation medicine and radiobiology. 2014;19:102-125.


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