National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine
State Institution "The National Research Center for Radiation Medicine"


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Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology

  
 

   
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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES AMONG ADULTS, EVACUATED IN THEIR CHILDHOOD AND ADOLESCENT FROM CHORNOBYL NPP EXCLUSION ZONE: OBSERVATION PERIOD 19932010
[Article in Ukrainian]
K. E. Prikaschikova, V. A. Buzunov, G. V. Kostjuk, Y. V. Antonenko, E. E. Shevchik,
N. T. Romanenko, V. M. Polyanska, V. O. Lukyanyuk, I. N. Volkovinskaya

State Institution National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Melnykov str., 53, Kyiv, 04050, Ukraine

Epidemiological analysis of cardiovascular diseases among adults (1842 years old), evacuated in their childhood and adolescence (3878 people) from 30-km Chernobyl NPP exclusion zone in 19932010 is presented. Data of clinical and epidemiological survey of patients of radiation register clinic (RRC) NRCRM NAMS of Ukraine were studied. Level of cardiovascular diseases among evacuated in their childhood made 208.57.5 per 103 persons/years, those in evacuated in adolescence 198.912.7. No significant level difference detected. However, significantly higher level of heart diseases (endocardium disease, conduction disorders) revealed in the childrens age group comparing to those evacuated during their adolescence. Evacuees of both age groups registered to have the highest level of heart diseases indices (endocardium disease, conduction disorder and arrhythmia, cardiomyopathy); and then in rank hypertension (essential hypertension), a group of chronic rheumatic heart disease (diseases of the mitral and aortic valves), a group of diseases of the arteries, arterioles and capillaries (atherosclerosis and other peripheral vascular disease). Structure of cardiovascular diseases for both evacuated age groups is the following: heart diseases (76%), hypertension (15%), chronic rheumatic heart diseases (8%). Other diseases of circulatory system make 1%. For patients evacuated in their childhood chronic rheumatic heart disease was observed twice as often as for older age group, heart diseases
occurred 1.2 times more often, while hypertension was 1.4 times less often.

Key words: persons evacuated in childhood and teenage years, cardiovascular morbidity.

 

Probl. Radiac. Med. Radiobiol. 2012. Issue 17. P. 7986.





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