National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine
State Institution "The National Research Center for Radiation Medicine"


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Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology

  
 

   
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THE BRONCHOPULMONARY SYSTEM STATUS OF THE PERSONNEL, WHICH PERFORM THE WORKS AT THE OBJECT SHELTER OF CHORNOBYL NPP
[Article in Ukrainian]
L. I. Shvaiko1*, V. A. Sushko1, K. D. Bazyka1, . D. Bazyka1, S. I. Ustinov2
1State Institution National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Melnykov str., 53, Kyiv, 04050, Ukraine
2National Medical University named O. O. Bogomolets, 13, T. Shevchenko boulevard, Kyiv, 01601, Ukraine
*Corresponding author: Liudmyla I. Shvaiko, e-mail: pulmoaid@.ua

The study for estimation of the bronchopulmonary system status in personnel which took part in the work for transformftion the object Shelter into an ecologically safe system was carried out. The 463 men aged from 19 to 59 years (39,070,42 years) were examined. An average cumulative dose of external irradiation was (29,021,19) mSv. The examination was conducted before work at the object Shelter and in the case of 239 +240Pu level excess in faeces samples. According to the results of the study the deterioration of bronchopulmonary system status in persons involved in the work at the object Shelter was not revealed. Found that the lowest lung function after participation in the work on the Shelter was seen in the elderly group of personnel, smokers, with the presence of chronic simple bronchitis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The dose of ionizing radiation has an adverse effect on lung function in the interaction with the other factors (smoking, respiratory pathology).

Key words: inhalation of radionuclides, the Chornobyl disaster, bronchopulmonary system, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

 

Probl. Radiac. Med. Radiobiol. 2012. Issue 17. P.342351.





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