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State Institution "The National Research Center for Radiation Medicine"


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Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology

  
 

   
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PREVALENCE AND DOSE DEPENDENCE OF OPHTHALMOLOGY PATHOLOGY IN CHILDREN, RADIATION-EXPOSED IN UTERO AS RESULT OF THE CHORNOBYL CATASTROPHE
[Article in Ukrainian]
T. Babenko, P. Fedirko
SI National Research Center of Radiation Medicine, National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

The results of inspection 1088 children, age from 6 to 18 is analyzed. A basic group 465 children, born in a period from 26.04.1986 to on 26.02.1987 from women, pregnant in the moment of the Chornobyl catastrophe, which were evacuees from Pripyat. A control group 623 children inhabitants of Kyiv, 19922005 births which did not test influence of radiation irradiation. Prevalence of congenital cataract dependent on the dose of irradiation. It is also wellproven that a relative risk of appearance of myopia and crampy of accommodation is greater in groups, radiation-exposed in a greater dose. High-frequency of pathological changes of eyes for the exposed in utero children, presence the greater relative risk of congenital cataract, myopia in groups with the higher dose loading testify to actuality of leadthrough of ophthalmology epidemiology researches to this population.

Key words: eye, ionizing radiation, radiation-exposed in utero, Chornobyl catastrophe.

 

Probl. Radiac. Med. Radiobiol. 2011. Issue 16. P. 359364.





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