National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine
State Institution "The National Research Center for Radiation Medicine"


ISSN 2313-4607 (Online)
ISSN 2304-8336 (Print)

Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology

  
 

   

Zh. M. Minchenko1, O. O. Dmytrenko1, T. F. Liubarets2, Yu. O. Silaev1, D. O. Stroy3,
V. V. Balan1, T. Yu. Shlyakhtychenko1

1State Institution National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical
Sciences of Ukraine, 53 Yuriia Illienka St., Kyiv, 04050, Ukraine
2O. O. Bogomolets National Medical University, 13 Taras Shevchenko Blvd., Kyiv, 01601, Ukraine
3O. O. Bogomolets Institute of Physiology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 4 Bogomoletz St.,
Kyiv, 01024, Ukraine

COMPLEX ANALYSIS OF THE ROLE OF CYTOKINE GENE POLYMORPHISMS AS PROGNOSTIC FACTOR OF THE RISK OF PLASMA CELL MYELOMA IN PERSONS SUFFERED AFTER THE CHORNOBYL NPP ACCIDENT

Objective: to provide a comparative characterization of the prevalence of polymorphic variants of cytokine genes in plasma cell myeloma (PCM) patients suffered after the Chornobyl disaster and patients who were in contact with ionizing radiation within the natural radiation background, based on comparison with population controls to determine their contribution as genetic markers of disease risk.
Materials and methods. Molecular genetic studies of polymorphism of cytokine genes (TNF-α, TGF-β1, IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ) and complex frequency analysis of occurrence in three-, four-, and five-locus combinations of their allelic variants as prognostic markers of the risks of plasma cell myeloma was carried out in 102 patients 56 victims of the Chornobyl nuclear power plant accident and 46 patients irradiated within the limits of the natural radiation background, in comparison with the control group (364 practically healthy people, residents of the Central geno-geographical region of Ukraine).
Results. The same probable increase in the prevalence of the TGF-β genotype codon10 T/T of the TGF-β1 gene was established in the groups of patients irradiated after the Chornobyl NPP accident and non-irradiated patients. In patients with plasma cell myeloma a protective effect for IL-10 -1082 A/G and an association with the risk of disease occurrence for IL-10 -1082 G/G were determined.
Conclusion. Probable difference in the frequency of the TGF-β1 genotype codon10 T/T of the TGF-β1 gene in the observed groups relative to the control group provides grounds for considering this single-nucleotide polymorphism of the TGF-β1 gene as an immunogenetic factor of predisposition to the development of PCM independent of exogenous factors. The study of the contribution of multigene combinations of gene-gene interaction indicates their role in the mechanisms of plasma cell myeloma occurrence and confirms the presence of an additive interaction.
Key words: plasma cell myeloma, cytokines TNF-α, TGF-β1, IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ, ionizing radiation, Chornobyl NPP accident.

Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology.
2022;27:374-384. doi: 10.33145/2304-8336-2022-27-374-384

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