National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine
State Institution "The National Research Center for Radiation Medicine"


ISSN 2313-4607 (Online)
ISSN 2304-8336 (Print)

Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology

  
 

   

Yu. O. Mytsyk1,2, A. Ts. Borzhiyevskyy1, Yu. S. Kobilnyk1, I. Yu. Dutka1,2, A. V. Shulyak3,
D. Z. Vorobets1, I. V. Dats1, O. A. Borzhiyevskyy1, h. Yu. Kozlovska1, V. F. Vitkovsky1, P. O. Illiuk1

1 Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, 69 Pekarska Str., Lviv, 79010, Ukraine
2 Euroclinic Medical Center, 9 Ivana Mykolaichuka Str., Lviv, 79000, Ukraine
3 State Institution Institute of Urology of NAMS of Ukraine, 9a Volodymyra Vynnychenka Str., Kyiv
04053, Ukraine

THE ROLE OF THE APPARENT DIFFUSION COEFFICIENT OF THE BIPARAMETRIC MRI AS AN IMAGING MARKER OF PROSTATE CANCER

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common malignancy in men. The role of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of biparametric MRI (biMRI) which is a study without the use of dynamic contrast enhancement (DCE), in detection of PCa is still not comprehensively investigated.
Objective. The goal of the study was to assess the role of ADC of biMRI as an imaging marker of clinically significant PCa
Materials and methods. The study involved 78 men suspected of having PCa. All patients underwent a comprehensive clinical examination, which included multiparametric MRI of the prostate, a component of which was biMRI. The MRI data was evaluated according to the PI-RADS system version 2.1.
Results. The distribution of patients according to the PI-RADS system was as follows: 1 point 9 (11.54 %) patients, 2 points 12 (15.38 %) patients, 3 points 25 (32.05 %) patients, 4 points 19 (24.36 %) patients and 5 points 13 (16.67 %) patients. In a subgroup of patients with 5 points, clinically significant PCa was detected in 100 % of cases. In the subgroup of patients with tumors of 4 points clinically significant PCa was diagnosed in 16 of 19 (84.21 %) cases, and in 3 (15.79 %) patients clinically insignificant tumor. In the subgroup of patients with 3 points, clinically significant PCa was diagnosed in 11 of 25 (44.0 %) cases, in 8 (32.0 %) patients clinically insignificant tumor and in 6 (24.0 %) patients benign prostatic hyperplasia. PCa with a score of ≥ 7 on the Gleason scale showed significantly lower mean values of ADC of the diffusion-weighted MRI images compared to tumors with a score of < 7 on the Gleason scale: (0.86 0.07) x 10-3 mm2/s vs (1.08 0.04) x 10-3 mm2/s ( < 0.05).
Conclusions. The obtained results testify to the high informativeness of biMRI in the diagnosis of prostate cancer. The use of ADC allowed to differentiate clinically significant and insignificant variants of the tumor, as well as benign changes in prostate tissues and can be considered as a potential imaging marker of PCa.
Key words: prostate cancer, diagnosis, biparametric MRI, marker, apparent diffusion coefficient, PI-RADS.

Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology.
2021;26:541-553. doi: 10.33145/2304-8336-2021-26-541-553

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