National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine
State Institution "The National Research Center for Radiation Medicine"


ISSN 2313-4607 (Online)
ISSN 2304-8336 (Print)

Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology

  
 

   

I. Gorpynchenko1, Yu. Gurzhenko1, V. Spyrydonenko1, E. Lytvinets2

1State Institution Institute of Urology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, 9a V. Vynnychenka St., Kyiv, 04053, Ukraine
2Ivano Frankivsk National Medical University, 2, Halytska St., Ivano!Frankivsk, 76018, Ukraine

COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF SPERMOGRAPHIC INDICATORS IN IDIOPATHIC FORMS OF INFERTILITY IN MEN FROM RADIOACTIVELY CONTAMINATED AND CONVENTIONALLY CLEAN REGIONS OF UKRAINE

Objective. the compare of men reproductive function with idiopathic infertility on the grounds of spermogram tests from the radioactively contaminated and conventionally clean regions of Ukraine.
Materials and methods. There are 143 men (group I) with idiopathic infertility in the form of asthenozoospermia of the II degree living in the territories of the Kyiv region were investigated in the Department of Sexual Pathology and Andrology of the SI Institute of Urology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine and exposed to ionizing radiation due to the Chornobyl accident in 1986. All individuals in the I group were born from parents who were in the accident at the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant in the area of radioactive contamination and permanently resided in areas with a high level of radioactivity. The control group was made up of persons born and living in the Ivano-Frankivsk region with a similar with a similar state of health (group II, n = 157). The mean age of the studied group I was (28.3 2.4) years, and persons of the II group were (30.1 2.8) years. Diagnosis of II was performed ambulatory in accordance with WHO and Ministry of Health of Ukraine standards. The research was to study and compare spermogram parameters in patients from both groups.
Results. It has been established that the reproductive problems of men with idiopathic infertility living in radiatively contaminated areas of the Kyiv region of Ukraine consist in a significant violation of the quality indicators of ejaculate (mobility by the pool A+B is less than 1.6 times, < 0.05) correlating with modifications of physicochemicals (the average time of liquefaction is 1.4 times greater, < 0.05) and biochemical (decrease of levels of fructose by 2.2 times, citrate by 1.6 times, < 0.0010.05) investigation.
Conclusions. The study found that the level of general indicators of spermogram is significantly worse in the regions of Ukraine who were exposed to radioactive contamination due to the Chornobyl accident, in contrast to the indicators of persons from conventionally clean regions.
Key words: idiopathic infertility, radioactive contamination, asthenozoospermia, fructose.

Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology.
2019;24:367-379. doi: 10.33145/2304-8336-2019-24-367-379

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