National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine
State Institution "The National Research Center for Radiation Medicine"


ISSN 2313-4607 (Online)
ISSN 2304-8336 (Print)

Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology

  
 

   

V. G. Bebeshko, K. M. Bruslova, T. T. Volodina, L. O. Lyashenko, N. M. Tsvetkova, I. V. Trychlib,
T. O. Chernysh, V. G. Boyarskiy, L. O. Gonchar, N. V. Kavardakova

State Institution National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, 53 Yuriia Illienka str., Kyiv, 04050, Ukraine

FEATURES OF CLINICAL SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS, HEMATOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN CHILDREN WITH JOINT HYPERMOBILITY IN A LATE PERIOD UPON THE CHORNOBYL NPP ACCIDENT

Objective. establishing the types and frequency of disembriogenetic stigma in children with joint hypermobility given the clinical and laboratory features, genetic component and endocrine regulation of these disorders in a late period upon the accident.
Materials and methods. Children (n = 109) inhabiting the radiologically contaminated territories and having the connective tissue dysplasia (CTD) signs were involved in the study. Diseases in family history, ossalgia complaints, fractures in a personal history, bone disembriogenetic stigma, joint hypermobility, type of somatic diseases, blood serum biochemical parameters (namely calcium, alkaline phosphatase, total protein, cholesterol, creatinine, iron, ferritin content), serum cortisol, free thyroxine, pituitary thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels, free amino acid composition in urine and radiation dose were considered.
Results. Radiation doses in children having the CTD ranged from (0.37 0.11) mSv to (0.56 0.10) mSv with no difference from that in those without CTD. Joint hypermobility (JHM) correlated with cancer in family history (rs = 0.53) and lower extremity varicose vein disease (rs = 0.40) (p < 0.05). Incidence of ossalgia, easy fatigability, and bone fractures was higher in children with CTD. Anomalies of the dentofacial system were first in line (38.5 %) in these children. Proportion of children with grade II JHM and platypodia was lower (rs = 0.42), but with lower extremity deformations was higher (rs = 0.68) (p < 0.05) vs. in the control group. Iron and ferritin deficiencies both with lymphocytosis were more common in children with CTD than in the comparison group (p < 0.05). The increased content of oxyproline, lysine, proline both with glycine deficiency were detected in children having the CTD, i.e. an imbalance of amino acids from the collagen content was observed featuring a predominance of catabolic processes over anabolic ones. There was a direct correlation between the TSH level and the JHM grade (rs = 0.49), although the values of hormone concentration in these children did not exceed the reference range (maximum values were 3.3 μIU/ml).
Conclusions. The revealed abnormalities in amino acid content, ferrokinetics, and thyroid function indices can affect the collagen formation, organic matrix structure of bone tissue and significantly deregulate the hematopoiesis. The later can underlie the pathways of haematologic malignancy development.
Key words: children, connective tissue dysplasia, joint hypermobility, disembriogenetic stigma, amino acids, iron, endocrine regulation, radiation dose.

Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology.
2019;24:322-334. doi: 10.33145/2304-8336-2019-24-322-334

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