National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine
State Institution "The National Research Center for Radiation Medicine"


ISSN 2313-4607 (Online)
ISSN 2304-8336 (Print)

Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology

  
 

   

K. M. Loganovsky, K. V. Kuts

State Institution National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, 53 Melnykova Street, Kyiv, 04050, Ukraine

Cognitive evoked potentials P300 after radiation exposure

Objective. The study was aimed at evaluating features of brain information processes and cognitive functioning in the remote period after irradiation due to the Chornobyl accident by using cognitive evoked potentials P300.
Materials and Methods. The study included 128 people, 112 male Chornobyl clean-up workers in 19861987 with the records of radiation doses available in Clinical and Epidemiological Registry (CER) of State Institution
National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine (NRCRM) (study group) and 16 unexposed persons due to the Chornobyl disaster (control group). At the time of the survey the average age of clean-up workers (M SD) was (57.3 5.9) years, range 4465 years, and of unex- posed persons was (57.3 6.5) years, range 4465 years. Radiation doses were within the range 0.00021.23 Gy, with the arithmetic mean dose (M SD) of (0.2 0.2) Gy and the geometric mean dose of 0.1 Gy.
Results. The radiocerebral effect in the projection of the left posterior superior temporal gyrus (Wernickes area) proportionally to the radiation dose with the possible threshold of 0.05 Gy of total irradiation was revealed, with increasing radiation dose cognitive component P300 amplitude reduces and its latency period (LP) increases, espe- cially at doses > 0.30.5 Gy. At doses > 0.5 Gy the functional relationship with the radiation dose for LP P300 increase in the projection of Wernickes area (r = 0.9; p = 0.027) has been found.
Conclusions. The neurophysiological features detected are fully consistent with hypotheses both on radiosensitiv- ity of human central nervous system and accelerated aging of the brain under the influence of small doses of ioniz- ing radiation, and have questioned the feasibility of long-term manned space flights (including Mars) until the development of adequate radiation hygiene standardization for space crews and invention of means for radiation protection of space flights. Further dynamic clinical and neurophysiological monitoring of individuals exposed to ionizing radiation is necessary. To identify the neurophysiological biological markers of ionizing radiation further international researches with adequate dosimetry support are needed.

Key words: event-related potential (ERP), cognitive evoked potentials, P300, odd-ball paradigm, brain, neurocogni- tive deficit, psychophysiology, Chornobyl accident, low doses of ionizing radiation.

 

Problems of radiation medicine and radiobiology. 2016;21:264290.



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